Article Page

Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research


Nursing and Medicine Research focuses on the translation of research into clinical practice, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary study, primary healthcare, health promotion, health education, the management of transmissible and non-communicable diseases, the introduction of technical advances and inclusive multicultural approaches to health services. But instead can include articles from related fields such as studies in Ophthalmology, Anesthesiology, Cytology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Laboratory Medicine, Microbiology, Neurosurgery, Toxicology, Allergy, Genetics, Surgery, Sports Medicine, Family medicine, Reproductive Medicine, Metabolic diseases, Pulmonary Medicine, Internal Medicine,Physical Medicine, Nursing Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Critical Care, Physical Medicine, Community Medicine, Genetics Engineering, Rehabilitation, Geriatrics, Pathology, Orthopedics, Biochemistry, Genomics, Molecular Medicine, Neuroscience, Genetic disorders, Psychiatry, Epidemiology.


  • Allergy
  • Genetics
  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Cytology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Laboratory Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Toxicology
  • Oncology
  • Sports medicine
  • Family medicine
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Critical Care
  • Physical Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Genetics Engineering
  • Rehabilitation
  • Geriatrics
  • Pathology
  • Orthopedics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genomics
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Neuroscience
  • Genetic disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology
  • Physical Medicine
  • Nursing Education
  • Community nursing
  • Healthcare management
  • Healthcare systems
  • Public Health
  • Nursing Research
  • Community health and health information
  • Mental health
  • Behavioral health
  • Environmental health
  • Healthcare
  • Nursing
  • Medicine
  • Nutrition
  • Health policy
  • Services
  • Protection
  • General and Special Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Chronic Diseases
  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Natural Products Research
  • Guidelines
    The Effects of Emotional Labor and Anger Expression on Psychological Well-Being among Psychiatric Nurses
    Volume 1, No. 1, September 2020 | 8 pages| http//dx.doi.org/10.46410/jnmr.2020.1.1.03


    Ye-won Hwang, Nambu University, South Korea

    Bong-sil Choi, Nambu University, South Korea


    This is a descriptive survey study designed to identify psychiatric nurses' the influencing factors of emotional labor and anger expression on psychological well-being. The study subjects were 260 nurses. As a result, the scores of the psychiatric nurses' emotional labor, anger expression, and psychological well-being were 3.06, 23.04, and 3.41 points, respectively. Psychological well-being was revealed to have a significant negative correlation with emotional labor (r=-.25, p<.001) and anger expression (r=-.34, p<.001). The variable which had the greatest effect on psychological well-being was anger-in (β=-.29, p<.001) as a sub-factor of anger expression, Factors influencing psychological well-being were anger suppression during anger expression (β=-.30 p<.001), anger control (β=.20 p<.001), and emotional dissonance during emotional labor (β=-. 16 p=.001). The total explanatory power and the modified explanatory power of the factors found to affect psychological well-being are 27.0% and 25%, respectively (F=15.33, p<.001).


    emotional labor, anger expression, psychological well-being, psychiatric nurses


    [1] Kim, Sin Hayng, Ham, Youn-suk. A Meta-analysis of the Variables related to the Emotional Labor of Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 263-276, (2015).

    [2] S. H. Jin & J. H. Kim. Influence of resilience and perceived individual and organizational support on organizational commitment among hospital nurses. Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 293-303, (2017).

    [3] Kim, In-soon. Effects of Self Efficacy and Social Support in the Relationship between Emotional Labor, Burnout, and Turnover Intention of Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 515-526, (2009).

    [4] Yom, Young-hee, Lee, Hyun-sook, Son Hee-sook. Clinical Nurses` Experience of Emotional Labor. Hospital Nurses Association, Vol. 22, No.3, pp. 314-326, (2016).

    [5] Yom YH, Son HS, Lee HZ, Kim MA. The relationship between physical discomfort, burnout, depression, social supports and emotional labor of clinical nurses in Korea. Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 222–235, (2017).

    [6] Ahn JY, Jung HS, Kim HA. The relationship between emotional labor and job stress of clinical nurses in a hospital. Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 139-146. (2007).

    [7] Kim, Kyung-hee, Kim, Ji-young, Lim, Joo-ri. Mediating Effect of Psychological Empowerment in Relationship between Professional Self-concept and Burnout in Psychiatric Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 229-237, (2012).

    [8] Hochschild A. The managed heart: commercialization of human feeling. Berkeley. University of California Press, 1983.

    [9] Park, Hyeon-sook, Bae, Yeong-joo, Jeong, Seon-yeong. A Study on Anger Expression and Burnout of Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 235-244, (2003).

    [10] Seo, Mi-jeong, Hong, Seon-mi. Effect of the group art therapy to be concerned in the job stress and the emotional expression of psychiatric ward nurse. Korean Journal of Arts Therapy, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 93-115, (2015).

    [11] Morris, J. A & Feldman, D. C. Managing emotions in the work place. Journal of Managerial Issues, Vol. 9, pp. 257-274, (1997).

    [12] Kim, Min-joo. Research Articles: Effects of the Hotel Employee's Emotional Labor upon the Job-related Attitudes. Journal of Tourism Sciences, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 129-141, (1998).

    [13] Spielberger, C. D., Krasner, S. S., & Solomom, E. P. The experience, expression and control of anger. In M. P. Janisse (Eds). Individual Differences, Stress, and Health Psychology. N.Y.: Springer Verlag, 1988.

    [14] Chon, Kyum-koo, Han, Deok-woong, Lee, Jang-ho, Spielberger. Korean Adaptation of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory: Anger and Blood Pressure. Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology: Health, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 60-78, (1997).

    [15] Ryff, C. D. Happiness is Everything, or is It? Explorations on the Meaning of Psychological Well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 57, No. 6, pp. 1069-1081, (1989).

    [16] Kim, Se-hyang, Lee, Mi-aie. Effects of Emotional Labor and Communication Competence on Turnover Intention in Nurse. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 332-341, (2014).

    [16] Yang, Jong-hyun, Jeong, Gyu-ho. Effects of Emotional Labor, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment on Turnover Intention in Nurses. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society, Vol. 15. No. 12, pp. 7170-7178, (2014).

    [17] Zapf D. Emotion work and psychological well-being: A review of the literature and some conceptual considerations. Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 237-268, (2002); http://dx.doi.org/10.1015/S1053-4822(02)00048-7.

    [18] Shin, Soon-sik. A Study on Effect of Emotional Labor on Burnout among Workers at Community Welfare Centers for the Elderly (master’s thesis). Jeonnam: Graduate School of Public Administration, Soonchunhyang University, 2010.

    [19] Choi, Jin-sook. A Study on the Effects of Service Workers' Emotional Labor on Job Stress (master’s thesis). Seoul: Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, 2008.

    [20] Kim, Soo-ok, Wang, Mi-sook. A Study on Emotional Labor, Positive Resources and Job Burnout in Clinical Nurses. Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial Cooperation Society, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 1273-1283, (2015).

    [21] Kang, Su-Mi. The Mediating Effect of Emotional Intelligence on the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Psychological Well-being of Clinical Nurses. Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health; Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 185-194, (2015).

    [22] Choi, Yoon-jeong, Seong, Young-hee. Psychological Well-being, Perceived Health Status, and Health Promoting Behavior of Clinical Nurses. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration; Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 589-598, (2013).

    [23] Kim, Eun-sook, Ryu, So-yeon, Park, Jong, Choi, Seong-woo. Effect of Mentoring Function on Psychological Well-Being among Clinical Nurses in a General Hospital. Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 37-43, (2020).


    Hwang, Y. W. & Choi, B. S. (2020). The Effects of Emotional Labor and Anger Expression on Psychological Well-Being among Psychiatric Nurses. Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research (JNMR), HolyKnight, vol. 1, 17-24. doi.org/10.46410/jnmr.2020.1.1.03.

    Hwang, Ye-won, et al “The Effects of Emotional Labor and Anger Expression on Psychological Well-Being among Psychiatric Nurses.” Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research, HolyKnight, vol. 1, 2020, pp. 17-24. JNMR, https://holyknight.co.uk/journals/jnmr/Vol1-1/3.html.

    [1] Y. W. Hong, and B. S. Choi, “The Effects of Emotional Labor and Anger Expression on Psychological Well-Being among Psychiatric Nurses.” Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research (JNMR), HolyKnight, vol. 1, pp. 17-24. September 2020.