Article Page

Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research


Nursing and Medicine Research focuses on the translation of research into clinical practice, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary study, primary healthcare, health promotion, health education, the management of transmissible and non-communicable diseases, the introduction of technical advances and inclusive multicultural approaches to health services. But instead can include articles from related fields such as studies in Ophthalmology, Anesthesiology, Cytology, Psychiatry, Dermatology, Laboratory Medicine, Microbiology, Neurosurgery, Toxicology, Allergy, Genetics, Surgery, Sports Medicine, Family medicine, Reproductive Medicine, Metabolic diseases, Pulmonary Medicine, Internal Medicine,Physical Medicine, Nursing Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Critical Care, Physical Medicine, Community Medicine, Genetics Engineering, Rehabilitation, Geriatrics, Pathology, Orthopedics, Biochemistry, Genomics, Molecular Medicine, Neuroscience, Genetic disorders, Psychiatry, Epidemiology.


  • Allergy
  • Genetics
  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Anesthesiology
  • Cytology
  • Psychiatry
  • Dermatology
  • Laboratory Medicine
  • Microbiology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Toxicology
  • Oncology
  • Sports medicine
  • Family medicine
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Pulmonary Medicine
  • Internal Medicine
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Critical Care
  • Physical Medicine
  • Community Medicine
  • Genetics Engineering
  • Rehabilitation
  • Geriatrics
  • Pathology
  • Orthopedics
  • Biochemistry
  • Genomics
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Neuroscience
  • Genetic disorders
  • Psychiatry
  • Epidemiology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology
  • Physical Medicine
  • Nursing Education
  • Community nursing
  • Healthcare management
  • Healthcare systems
  • Public Health
  • Nursing Research
  • Community health and health information
  • Mental health
  • Behavioral health
  • Environmental health
  • Healthcare
  • Nursing
  • Medicine
  • Nutrition
  • Health policy
  • Services
  • Protection
  • General and Special Epidemiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Chronic Diseases
  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine
  • Natural Products Research
  • Guidelines
    The Relationship between Endocrine Disruptor Exposure Behavior and Premenstrual Syndrome in female college students
    Volume 1, No. 1, September 2020 | 8 pages| http//dx.doi.org/10.46410/jnmr.2020.1.1.01


    Miok Kim, University of Tongmyong, Pusan, South Korea


    The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between endocrine disruptor exposure behavior and premenstrual syndrome in female college students. Data were collected from April 3 to April 20, 2019 using a structured questionnaire survey of 160 female college students who agreed with the purpose and procedure of the study. For data processing, frequency, percentage, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation analysis were performed using the SPSS 25.0 program. The results showed that the average endocrine disruptor exposure behavior and premenstrual syndrome scores were 2.72 and 2.08 for female college students, endocrine obstruction exposure behavior, and the premenstrual syndrome were positively correlated (r = .196, p = .014). Based on the study that premenstrual syndrome is the most severe adolescents and youths of childbearing age, it provides basic data for female college student’s health education by analyzing the relationship between endocrine disruptor exposure behaviors as a method to alleviate premenstrual syndrome.


    female college student, premenstrual syndrome, endocrine disruptor exposure behavior


    [1] D. S. Choi., “Diagnosis and treatment of premenstrual syndrome/premenstrual dysphoric disorder”, Korean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 41, pp. 135-146, (2009).

    [2] M. J. Kim, Y. S. Nam,, K. S. Oh,, C. M. Lee, “Premenstrual syndrome according to age”, The Korean Journal of Growth and Development, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 13-26, (2003).

    [3] K. E. Park, S. E. Lee, “A study on the attitudes of female college students to premenstrual syndrome and mensturation”, Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 359-372, (2001).

    [4] A. R. Kim, H. O. Jeon, M. O. Chae, “Effects of health behaviors, premenstrual coping and premenstrual syndrome symptoms on subjective happiness in female college students” , Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial,Vol. 18, No. 1,pp. 493-504, (2017) DOI: 10.5762/KAIS.2017.18.1.493.

    [5] H. W. Kim, “ Relationship between sex role identity, health promoting behaviors, and premenstrual symptoms among female university students”, Korean Society of Nursing Science, vol. 3, no.6,pp. 1003-1012, (2007).

    [6] Min A Kim, “Relationship among Pro-environmental Attitude, Behavior to Decrease Exposure, Knowledge of Endocrine Disruptors, and Obesity-related Profiles in Nursing Students”, Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science , Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 160-168, (2016) DOI: 10.7586/jkbns.2016.18.3.160.

    [7] S.H.Kim, E.Y. Jun, “Factors Influencing Behavior of Reducing Exposure to EndocrineDisrupting Chemicals in Breastfeeding Mothers”, Korean J Women Health Nurs Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 423-434, (2018) DOI: 10.4069/kjwhn.2018.24.4.423.

    [8] M. R. Kim, H.C. Kim, “Analysis of Adult Behaviors to Decrease Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors in Dietary Life”,J East Asian Soc Dietary Life, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 451-462, (2011).

    [9] S.H. Cheon, M.S. Choi, S. J. Lee, “The Risk Behaviors to Increase Exposure toward Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, Depression and Physical Symptom.”, Journal of The Korean Society of Living Environmental System , Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 677-686, (2016).

    [10] J.I. Hong, Hong, “Relationships between premenstrual syndrome and dietary factors, psychosocial factors, and exposure to endocrine disruptors of girl students in Gyungi province”, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Food and Nutrition, The University of Suwon, Suwon, Gyunggi Province,(2016).

    [11] G. S. Jung,, , H. M Oh, I. R., Choi. , “ The influential factors on premenstrual syndrome college female students” , Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 3025-3036. (2014).

    [12] H. Y Kim,., S. N. Kim, “ The effect of life style and stress on premenstrual syndrome among female university students”, The Journal of Convergent Research Society Among Humanities, Sociology, Science, andTechnology, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 791-802, (2018).

    [13] J. E Song., H. J. Chae,, , W. H Jang, Y. H., Park., K. E Lee,., S. H. Lee,, H. A Jang, J. H. ,., Jeon, , M. S Jung, “ The relationship between life style, menstrual attitude and premenstrual syndrome in nursing students”, Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 119-128,. (2013).

    [14] H. S. Choi, E. D. , Lee, H. Y. Ahn, “ Relationships among premenstrual syndrome, perfection and anxiety among the college student” , Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 265-274, (2013) DOI: 10.4069/kjwhn.2013.19.4.265.

    [15] S.H.Lee, Y.J. Kim, J.Y. Jeong, J.Y. Yeom, B.R. Kim, E.J. Choi, S. J. Kim, M.J. Bae, J.Y. Lim, S.A. Lee, “The Relationship between Menstrual Characteristics, Academic Stress, and Endocrine Disruptor Exposure Behavior to Premenstrual Syndrome in Female College Students”,Asia-pacific Journal of Multimedia Services Convergent with Art, Humanities, and Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 7, pp. 545-554, (2018) DOI:10.21742/AJMAHS.2018.07.11.


    Kim, M. (2020). The Relationship between Endocrine Disruptor Exposure Behavior and Premenstrual Syndrome in female college students. Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research (JNMR), HolyKnight, vol. 1, 1-8. doi.org/10.46410/jnmr.2020.1.1.01.

    Kim, Miok, et al “The Relationship between Endocrine Disruptor Exposure Behavior and Premenstrual Syndrome in female college students.” Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research, HolyKnight, vol. 1, 2020, pp. 1-8. JNMR, https://holyknight.co.uk/journals/jnmr/Vol1-1/1.html.

    [1] M. Kim, “The Relationship between Endocrine Disruptor Exposure Behavior and Premenstrual Syndrome in female college students.” Journal of Nursing and Medicine Research (JNMR), HolyKnight, vol. 1, pp. 1-8. September 2020.