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Journal of Education and Learning Management


The evolution of technology and the numerous and varied educational institutions, each providing a number of courses or degrees, has led to variety of techniques in the field of distance education including open learning and one-learning. Open Learning refers generally to activities that either enhance learning opportunities within formal education systems or broaden learning opportunities beyond formal education systems. E-learning theory describes the cognitive science principles of effective multimedia learning using electronic educational technology. The objective of this journal is to bring together research contributions on the design, specification, and implementation of for current and future of Open Learning and E-learning.


  • Mobile learning
  • Collaborative Learning
  • MOOCs
  • Moodle and Other LMS Systems
  • U- and E-Learning platforms
  • U- and E-learning Software
  • U- and E-learning Systems
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  • Open Learning and Distance Education
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  • Multimedia and E-learning
  • E-learning Emerging Hardware and Software
  • Web-based Learning, Mobile learning
  • Impact of E-learning on Social Change
  • Impact of Cultural Factors on E-learning
  • Building E-learning Architecture
  • Design and Development of Course Contents
  • E-learning Evaluation Methods
  • Internationalization and Localization of
  • Interactive E-learning Systems
  • MOOCs and Open Education,
  • Design and Development of Course Contents
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    Utilization of Fathers’ Strengths with Children in Terms of their Perceptions and Experiences
    Volume 1, No. 1, September 2020 | 8 pages| http//dx.doi.org/10.46410/jelm.2020.1.1.04


    Sung Hee Hong, Early Childhood Education Department, Changshin University, Changwon, South Korea
    Pyong Ho Kim, Early Childhood Education Department, Woosong University, Daejeon, South Korea


    Despite the increased social interests in fathers' contribution to parenting, they tend to display rather unconfident attitudes mainly because of the pressure they are to meet in both homes and workplaces. Six fathers living in Busan and Southern Gyeongsang Province in South Korea with child(ren) participated in the study. A series of ‘focus group interviews’ were conducted to draw in-depth discussion among the participants to have them generate ideas and opinions while interacting. The six participants were divided into two groups, and each group had two 2-hours-long sessions, using open questionnaires developed by the researchers. The study aimed to investigate how fathers with children perceive their experience of utilizing of fathers’ strengths in parenting. The results showed that the participants’ perceptions toward the utilization of fathers’ strengths were categorized into four aspects: i) ‘full usage of strengths while parenting’, ii) 'discovering strengths as fathers and succeeding in roles', iii) ‘reinforcing strengths and supplementing weaknesses’, and iv) ‘adapting to fast-changing standards society demands for fathers’. The findings revealed the fathers’ general recognition of their strengths and difficulties in parenting, which can serve as a helpful resource of improving their competencies. In other words, efforts should be made to change social systems, resulting in reduced or flexible work hours, and longer and more autonomous maternity leave for fathers.


    Fathers, Parenting, Childcare, Strengths, Positive psychology


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    Hong, S. H. & Kim, P. H. (2020). Utilization of Fathers’ Strengths with Children in Terms of their Perceptions and Experience. Journal of Education and Learning Management (JELM), HolyKnight, vol. 1, 23-30. doi.org/10.46410/jelm.2020.1.1.04.

    Hong, Sung Hee, et al “Utilization of Fathers’ Strengths with Children in Terms of their Perceptions and Experience.” Journal of Education and Learning Management, HolyKnight, vol. 1, 2020, pp 23-30. JELM, https://holyknight.co.uk/journals/jelm/Vol1-1/4.html.

    [1] S. H. Hong, and P. H. Kim, “Utilization of Fathers’ Strengths with Children in Terms of their Perceptions and Experience.” Journal of Education and Learning Management (JELM), HolyKnight, vol. 1, pp. 23-30. September 2020.